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Passing Cars and Junctions

Passing Vehicles and Side Roads

Bikeability teaches your child how to cycle past side roads, pass parked vehicles and overtake slower traffic. To pass correctly, this means looking behind and ahead, understanding who has right of way and moving out when there is time and space to do so.

Anticipate the manoeuvre before your children reach a side road or pass parked cars.

  • As you approach, ensure that there are no cars close behind and move into the primary position.
  • Move into primary position before your children so that drivers are prevented from passing on the approach to the junction.

You can use the same process when approaching traffic islands, ‘pinch points’ or when riding on narrow streets where there is not enough room for a cyclist and a driver to safely pass each other.

Passing a side road, the cyclist has right of way over the traffic coming out of the side road.


Bikeability teachers your child what to do at junctions.

T-junctions, side roads, crossroads and roundabouts are all negotiated using the same basic sequence.

  1. Look behind and ahead, note rights of way, judge time and space
  2. Communicate by signalling your intentions if other road users are present
  3. Position – when time and space permit: 
  • approach the junction in primary position
  • hold primary position through to the junction exit
  • select primary or secondary position (as appropriate) to continue the journey.

Multi-lane roads and junctions – Only Level 3 teachers multi-lane and major road skills. Be sure that you are confident in your group’s abilities before cycling on these roads.

When turning right:

You must check over your right shoulder for overtaking traffic including people on bicycles, before completing the turn.

Turning right into a minor road, oncoming traffic on the major road has right of way.

12-turn-right-in-to-a-major-road    13-turn-right-from-a-major-to-minor-road    

When turning left:

You must check over your left shoulder for undertaking traffic, including people on bicycles, before completing the turn. 

Turning left onto a minor road, the cyclist has right of way.

10-turn-left-in-to-a-minor-road   11-turn-left-in-to-a-major-road

Give way line

When approaching a ‘give way’ line:

Approach the give way line alongside your children to ensure that they stop. They can then ride next to your when making the turn.

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